Maintaining the tyre balance on your vehicle is critical to receiving satisfactory service from your tyre investment. In addition to providing a smooth ride, balancing is a key component in tyre wear. Today tyres are much lower profile with modern suspension being more finely tuned. The distance from the rim to the top of the tread is less and the sidewall is much stiffer. This means that minor problems can be amplified and transmitted into the vehicle causing unpleasant vibrations and sounds that previously weren’t an issue.
Jandakot Tyrepower is equipped with a balancer with ‘Road Force Touch Balance Technology’, which can solve wheel balancing problems traditional balancers cannot. Road Force balance provides full diagnostics of your Wheel & Tyre providing accurate Force Match positioning of your wheel and tyre assembly
This works by applying an external force from a roller applying over 500 kilograms of pressure to simulate the weight of your vehicle to the wheel and tyre that is being balanced. This works to determine any imperfections or errors during the tyre fitting process, as opposed to just balancing the wheel and tyre combination while mounted on a spindle.
We can even tell if the vehicle will drift to one side of the road caused by a bias on the tyres, and then place them on the vehicle to have a nice smooth and straight ride, this system is called Straight Trak.
On a normal wheel balancer a faulty tyre cannot easily be detected and can leave the workshop still causing a vibration, supposedly balanced. This is not the case with our Hunter Road Force System.
These tips and advice will help you understand the importance of the balancing process and teach you how to keep your tyres balanced throughout their tread life.
If you notice any issues with your tyre balance (noise, bumpiness, vibration or otherwise) use the contact form on the right, or give us a call on (08) 9414 9191 to organise a check-up.
The trend towards lighter vehicles
The most compelling argument for precision balancing comes from an obvious fact; vehicles are being made lighter and lighter. The heavier cars of yesterday actually helped smooth-out the ride by damping many vibrations before they could be felt by the driver. The softer suspensions also had the same effect.
Changes in tyre technology
The second factor is tyre technology. Generally, more responsive tyres with lower profiles (which send more road feedback to the driver) are being used in today's style and performance oriented market. By the way, lower profile tyres do provide lower rolling resistance, which helps fuel economy. As a result, the slightest imbalance (as little as half an ounce) can be felt in most modern vehicles. This is significantly less than the average of ten years ago. For those of you who have plus-sized your tyres and wheels, balancing is even more critical.
The balancing act
When a tyre is mounted onto the wheel, two slightly imperfect units are joined to form an assembly weighing forty pounds (this is the average for cars). The chances of this assembly having absolutely precise weight distribution about its radial and lateral centres are virtually impossible. Remember that all it takes is half an ounce of uneven weight distribution for a vibration to be felt. The illustration below shows how an imbalance creates vibration.
Static imbalance: Occurs when there is a heavy or light spot in the tyre so that the tyre won't roll evenly and the tyre and wheel undergo an up-and-down motion.
Dynamic imbalance: Occurs when there is unequal weight on one or both sides of the tyre/wheel assembly's lateral centre line, creating a side-to-side wobble or wheel shimmy.
The static imbalance creates a hop or vertical vibration. The dynamic imbalance creates a side-to-side or wobbling vibration. Most assemblies have both types of imbalance, and require dynamic balancing (commonly referred to as spin balancing) to create even weight distribution. The balancing system directs a technician to place counter weights on the rim's outer surface to offset the imbalance. When the balancing system tests for virtually perfect weight distribution, the assembly is in balance and will not vibrate. Your tyres will ride smoothly and wear evenly (with regard to balance).
Keeping your tyres balanced
Let's take an example: You have driven your tyres 5,000 Kilometres since their purchase and it's time to rotate. Over the miles, turning left and right, hitting bumps and holes you could not see or avoid, and driving down uneven road surfaces have led to uneven tread wear on your tyres. Perhaps a pothole has knocked-out your vehicle's alignment (this creates uneven tyre wear).
Well, besides rotating the tyres and getting an alignment to set things right, you should also rebalance the tyres. Even if you can't feel vibrations, they are present. The uneven tread wear has created an imbalance that generates excessive heat and wear on your tyres! Considering the hundreds of dollars you spent on your tyres, a rebalance is a wise expenditure.
Other sources of vibration
Very often the wheel/tyre assemblies on a vehicle may be in balance but you still feel a vibration. Here are some of the other causes of vibration:
- Bent wheel
- Tyre out of round (radial or lateral runout)
- Wheel to axle mounting error
- Inconsistent tyre sidewall stiffness (force variation)
- Brake component wear or failure
- Drive train or engine component wear or failure
- Suspension wear or failure
- Wheel bearing wear of failure
- Wheel alignment is out
Your tyre dealer can isolate many of these problems for you, and there is no question that determining whether the tyre/wheel assemblies are good and in balance is the first place to start. But ultimately this may not be the source of your vibration problem.
Balancing High Performance Tyres and Wheels
Today's high performance tyres and wheels are made with features that facilitate optimum mounting. Wheels are marked to identify the minimum radial run-out spot (low point) on the bead seat surface. Tyres are marked with a high point location. Mounting the assembly to match these two points is called match mounting. This method minimizes the balance weight needed to correct any remaining imbalance and the radial run-out that may occur in the wheel/tyre assembly.
On rare occasion, a tyre may be manufactured with slightly inconsistent sidewall stiffness (creating what is called force variance) which leads to a ride problem. There is a new generation of balancers that can detect this condition and guide the technician to remount the tyre in an optimum position that puts the assembly within specification and eliminates the problem.
Many of today's wheel designs necessitate unique wheel weight placement to achieve both precise balance and aesthetic appeal. Your tyre dealer will inform you of the best method for your wheel type.